Lecture Notes – Migration WK 1

There are different types of migrants and different means of looking at this project in terms of what way we can pursue a topic or subject.

Different types of migrants include INTERNAL migrants and ECONOMIC migrants.

Internal migrants are migrants that are coming from within the country itself, for example a University student moving up or down the country to study would be a example of an internal migrant. Similarly if someone were to get married and want to move to a different part of the country, this would be classed as internal migration.

Economic migrants are people who travel from one country or area to another in order to improve their standard of living. This could be someone moving from a war torn country to escape, or it could be someone who wants to move to another country due to better job prospects etc. There are different types of migrants and this is where refugees are often mixed with those who are migrating for other reasons, not necessarily war.

It is also important to note that hosts of migrants can be very interesting people to speak to and gauge their opinions on the situation. 2nd and 3rd generation migrants are also people who may be great to hear stories from because they may not necessarily have been in the immediate traumatising situation that cause the migration. Obviously some people move because they want to, but the 2nd and 3rd generations would still be able to explain or document the journey potentially.

Migrants are often represented in many different ways, especially by the media which may contrast to someone who has first hand experience with migrants. In today’s society the media is tending to get to be a bit more sensitive surrounding migration issues but there are still moments when it can be quite invasion and often very nice towards them.

One thing to consider is when telling or trying to tell stories that those in these situations are often quite vulnerable and are not in a position of power. It is what each individual is aiming to get from it. In terms of what the media may want, this may be a completely different perspective to the subject. It is all to do with power. Often, as below these are what happen with different situations, there is a difference between someone genuinely interested and wanting to help and the way they use their power for good and the way in which a bigger organisation may be more exploitative.

MEDIA FRAMING:

  • can be an outlet for work, however potentially:
  • controls captions
  • sells the story for advertising
  • controls how the story is told
  • editorial influence
  • often right wing
  • information, education, influence, money.

PHOTOGRAPHER:

  • spend time with the subject
  • get to know them
  • you become interested in their point of view
  • negotiated representation.

SUBJECT:

  • feels controlled/ although some may feel in control
  • often vulnerable
  • may see your interest as either flattery or suspicion
  • what do they gain from it?
  • what’s the intentions of the photographer/media
  • what do we get from it as photographers?

There is a definitive hierarchy of control between these groups with the media sitting at the very top of the chain and the subject at the very bottom as they are the most exploited.

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